Kenya – Towards a Better Future
Kenya is a stunning country in east Africa having fabulous coastline on the Indian Ocean coast. It covers vast savanna, lakelands, highland and rocky wilder lands. It is also home to numerous wildlife such as elephants, lions and rhinoceros. From Nairobi, capital city, many safari trips head towards the Maasai Mara Reserve, renowned for its annual huge wildebeest migration, and Amboseli National Park which offers wonderful views of the majestic Tanzania’s highest peak. From there, safari visitors can also visit Serengeti National Park to see the wildebeests wander in their seasonal sand dunes.
Kenya has some of the finest wildlife parks in east Africa. In fact, some of the best parks in Kenya are Selous and Tarangire national parks. The scenery in the area is diverse with low coastal plain and mountains bordering the Indian Ocean in the south, equator in the north and eastern portions. The western part of the country is home to Mount Kilimanjaro, one of the tallest mountains in Kenya. This volcanic mountain has gained worldwide attention as the ‘tallest mountain in the world’.
The eastern half of the country has a diverse landscape with low coastal plain and mountains bordering the Indian Ocean and bordering Kenya. The western part of the country has mostly grasslands with a few desert areas. These areas however provide good grazing ground for cattle. Kenya safaris offer some of the finest opportunities for viewing wild animals and birds. A typical Kenya safari include visits to Masai Mara, one of the most famous spots for African wildebeests, giraffes, wild elephants, wild dogs and lions.
Kenya has established itself as a major tourist hub in east Africa attracting thousands of tourists every year. Tourism in Kenya provides a source of income for the country, which in turn provides employment to many Kenyans. The government has taken initiatives to uplift the poor standard of life through a series of social development programs. These programs aim at improving health, quality of life and education. The main objectives of the social development programs are improving the economic conditions of the people by promoting economic growth, social stability and personal freedom.
The Kenya constitution passed in 2021 provides the executive powers to the president, who is elected for a four-year term by the legislature. The new constitution for Kenya has extended the terms of the presidents and prime ministers to seven years. The move was seen as an attempt to prevent the incumbent from being voted out of office due to term limits. The new constitution for Kenya also changed the election laws and shifted the authority of the Judicial and Police Force from the president to a Supreme Court of Justice. The move is seen as a move to increase civilian control over the police.
The first presidential election was held under the new constitution and incumbent president Mwai Kibaki was voted out of office. His replacement was Kenyatta Abera, who held the largest number of seats in the House of Representatives. The next presidential election will be held when President Mwai Kibaki is eligible to stand for re-election on February 12, inclusive of any pre-ceded polls. The new constitution has been criticized by opposition parties and international civil society organizations as giving more power to the president and undermining the role of the nation’s legislature. Kenyatta has also faced criticism from the international community for failing to address serious problems such as massive security sector and drought gripping the country.