Brazil Facts And Figures
Brazil, formally the Brazilian Federation of Nations, is arguably the most popular country in South America and Latin America, at least when it comes to travel destinations. It covers an area of almost 8,000 square kilometers, with a total population of more than 211 million. Most of Brazil is covered in tropical forest, with the northern part having volcanic terrain. About half of the country is mountainous, while the other half has grasslands and other less-developed land uses. Brazil’s major cities are Rio de Janeiro (the Brazilian capital), S Paulo and Belo Horizonte.
The most obvious travel destination in Brazil is Rio de Janeiro, which is considered to be the “Rio of the West” due to its cultural and recreational importance. It is also home to the world famous Copacabana Beach, regarded as the most glamorous beach in the world. S Paulo, which is the capital of Brazil is another major center for business, finance, education, culture and sports. Belo Horizonte is also a popular destination, receiving travelers from all over the world who visit the least 32,000 years ago founded Roman settlement of Brazil.
Brazil’s geography is divided into three distinct regions – the Amazon, the Amazontas and the Brazilian mainland. The Amazon region encompasses the vast area of Brazil west of the Amazon River that flows through the country. The Amazon is one of the four natural rainforests in the world and is regarded as the richest continent on earth. The Amazon’s biodiversity makes it the most important protection area in the world. Brazil occupies a very important place in the Amazon rainforest because it is where the rainforests and the wildlife species that live in them are most vulnerable to being destroyed by loggers and farmers who want to mine for gold, coal and other minerals found in the region.
In the Amazon region are many islands, rivers and rainforests which make up the Brazil’s Amazon Conservation Area. Besides the Amazon, Brazil has many islands such as Iguazu, Paracas and Santa Maria, which are also part of the Amazon basin. Brazil has the most diverse large geographical area of any tropical country in the world with the exception of the Caribbean islands. It has more than one hundred islands and the numbers keep on growing because there are more Brazilians being born every year.
Brazilians are also extremely hospitable and warm people. This has resulted in the rise of Brazil as a popular destination for tourists, both domestic and international. There are two types of Brazilians: the urban poor who live in the metropolitan cities and the middle class who live in the rural areas. Brazilians are very proud of their history and traditions and want to preserve them, or pass them on to their children.
Today there are around ten million indigenous people, making up around forty percent of the total population. The remaining forty percent are mixed blood Brazilians, Portuguese, Chinese, Indians and Gypsies. Brazil has one of the largest population densities in the world, second only to Brazil and India. There is a high fertility rate among the Brazilians, which means that the country will have a large percentage of elderly citizens, which is expected to rise as time goes by.